Palestinian History- How Israel Gained Shelter but Displaced Palestinians from Their Homes? 

On Saturday, a surprise attack was launched and started a fight between Israel and Hamas which has turned into the latest news in its seven decades of war and fight between them. This conflict has extended power outside while the Middle East is weakened.

The origin for this war was rooted between Israelis and Palestinians in their different desires. Israel’s founding father David Ben-Gurion, in order to provide a safe place for Jewish people who had faced prosecution, established a modern state of Israel in the year 1948. Palestinians found this as a ruin as they lost their land and dreams of having their own state, followed by a war around 700,000 Palestinians (British ruled Palestinians) who were half of the Arab population were forced to leave their homes and they were ended up in the parts of Jordan, Lebanon and Syria as well as in Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The conflicts continue and some Palestinians now live within Israel. This Conflict has turned into a complex and with no formal peace agreement.

Since 1967, there have been several major conflicts in the Middle East which involved Israel. Some of the wars are like the Six-Day War, Yom Kippur War and the invasion of Israel in Lebanon in the year 1982. Meanwhile there were also ongoing tensions in Gaza with major fights in the years 2006, 2008, 2012, 2014 and 2021 along with two Palestinian revolts in 1987-1993 and 2000-2005.

In order to bring peace in the Middle East several attempts have been made. Egypt and Israel had signed a peace treaty in 1979 ending three decades of antagonism and in the year 1993, Israel and Palestinians had agreed to the Oslo Accords which granted limited self rule to the Palestinians. A similar kind of treaty was also signed with Jordan in 1994. Regardless of how, they failed to reach the final peace agreement in the year 2000, when an important meeting was arranged which involved the U.S. President Bill Clinton, Ehud Barak, the prime minister of Israel and Arafat, the leader of Palestine. In the year 2002, an Arab plan was proposed which offered Israel a normal relationship with the Arab countries only if it returned the lands taken in the 1967 Middle East war, provided Palestinians a separate state and addressed its issues, but the efforts hindered since 2014 when the conversation between Israelis and Palestinians failed in Washington. Later, Palestinians stopped it’s dealings with the U.S when it did not give its support for the two-state solution for the Palestinian state in the territories Israel captured in 1967.

The major reasons for the conflicts are the two state Resolution, Israeli settlements built on land claimed by Palestinians, Jerusalem matters and the refugee situations. At present the U.S. President Joe Biden is trying to bring peace in the Middle East in which they want Israel and Saudi Arabia to befriend where some nearby countries have already made peace with Israel. But with the new conflicts happening, things are getting worse for Saudi Arabia and other countries.

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Vasantha M